The CNEL has the right to initiate legislation and performs many important functions, such as. B the preparation of reports, opinions and inquiries at the request of Parliament, the Government or the regions on draft legislative acts or on relevant economic and social policy issues. In addition, CNEL manages, implements and updates the National Archives of Collective Agreements. On 14 January 2014, confindustria, CGIL, CISL and UIL signed a new cross-sectoral agreement (TU 2014) establishing new rules of representativeness. In particular, according to tu 2014, in order to participate in national collective bargaining, trade unions must reach a representativeness threshold of 5% compared to the average percentage of union members and votes obtained by the same unions in the RSU elections. BNCB are mandatory when they are signed by unions reaching a level of representativeness of 50% +1 and if they are approved by the majority of workers by referendum. The criteria for defining the representativeness of the social partners have been modified several times over the years. The first and only provision was included until 1970 in Article 39 of the Italian Constitution, which sets a single criterion based on the number of employees. Under the 1970 Workers` Statute, trade unions participating in negotiations on collective agreements in force at the workplace may set up trade union structures for labour representation (RSA) composed of trade union representatives in enterprises with more than 15 employees, in industry or in services.
Public authorities are not so much involved in social dialogue at national level, but the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, the Ministry of Economic Development and local authorities are often required to facilitate social dialogue at company level in the event of an enterprise crisis (d.b collective agreements signed in the event of collective redundancies or income support measures for workers). In some rare and specific cases (i.e. in leading or partly state-owned enterprises), the government itself tries to promote, transmit and support social dialogue. Masse believes that employees voted in favor of the deal because they felt pressured and not because they were satisfied with the offer. . . .