In the past, migration-related funds have been spent by different branches without a clear common priority. The strategic direction of the common migration policy was mainly marked by the Directorate General for Immigration and Home Affairs (DG HOME), although most of the funds for migration cooperation with third countries were effectively held by the Directorates General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR) and International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO) 22. In the past, the European Court of Auditors has strongly criticised this fragmentation. With regard to the EU`s neighbourhood policy, he noted that the various financial instruments linked to migration did not have a common strategy23.23 The explanation for this inconsistency is that the funds are allocated in a complex negotiation process involving institutions, Member States, international organisations and implementing organisations, where conflicting objectives are often impossible to resolve. The 2015 EU migration agenda has created a new framework for the EU`s common migration and asylum policy. While attempts to reform the sharing of responsibility for refugees in the EU have so far proved unsuccessful, the direction of foreign migration policy is less controversial. The EU has developed a number of initiatives in this area, which the EUTF for Africa has highlighted. Although it was originally conceived as a temporary financial instrument for emergencies, it has the potential to become the norm in foreign migration policy. It can serve as a model for the systematic integration of the EU`s migration interests into its foreign policy. These elements overlap, to some extent, with the fourth strategic objective of improving governance and preventing conflict. These efforts are aimed at promoting stabilization, particularly in fragile contexts, and are supported by bilateral actions. Italy has become particularly strategic and has set up its own fund for Africa, through which it transfers its contributions to the trust fund and supports other projects. More than 80% of them are migration management measures supported by military operations in Libya and Niger61.
Eu Trust Fund For Africa Constitutive Agreement