Lome Peace Agreement

Finally, in May 2004, Parliament gave the green light to the creation of a Human Rights Commission to end decades of civil war as part of a peace pact signed in 1999. The Human Rights Commission, made up of two women and a delegate representing different civil groups, will be made up of five members. 1 President Kabbah signed the law on 20 August 2004.2 (Information on Truth and Reconciliation is in the Truth and Reconciliation section). The Lomé Convention was the peace agreement. After that, there was only a ceasefire agreement, which de facto became another peace agreement that contained no other amnesty provision. Despite earlier assurances to Eyadéma, the RUF refused to enter into negotiations until Kabbah`s government released Sankoh. The government team refused and made the signing of a peace agreement by the RUF-AFRC a precondition for the president`s pardon. After an intervention by Eyadéma, the RUF gave in, but Sankoh refused to personally participate in the daily discussions. He insisted that a convict could not negotiate freely and that he would only participate if Kabbah did. This complicated the discussions, with the decisions taken in committee then to be reviewed and approved by Mr Sankoh. On 15 May 2000, government forces reportedly put pressure on a traditional bastion of the Revolutionary Single Front. Troops moved 35 miles east of the capital to secure important bridges and towns that troops had lost the previous week to the rebels.

At the same time, the rebels held 340 UN peacekeepers hostage and the UN began negotiating a ceasefire and negotiating the release of their peacekeeping forces. On 14 May 2000, the rebels reportedly handed over 139 UN troops to Liberian President Charles Taylor, after handing over 18 more to Indian peacekeeping forces in Sierra Leone.15 For the local export or resale of gold and diamonds by the government, the CMRRD authorizes a purchase and sale agreement with one or more serious international and specialized mineral companies. All gold and diamond exports from Sierra Leone are made by the government under these agreements. The Security Council, in Resolution 1289 (4 February 2000), called on the international community “to provide sustained and generous assistance to the longer-term tasks of peace-building, reconstruction, economic and social reconstruction and development in Sierra Leone, and urges all States, as well as international and other organizations, to provide this assistance as a priority” (p. 4).


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