The agreement establishes a formal framework for cooperation to promote, develop and facilitate science and technology activities. In the case of Libya, the signing of an S-T agreement in 2006 was a sign of a radical change in political relations. In December 2003, after more than three decades of strained relations, the United States declared Libya the godfather of terror, announced its intention to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction and long-range missile programs, and began cooperating with international partners. With these measures, the United States gradually recommitted itself, sensitive to public concerns about compensation for the families of the victims of the Lockerbie airliner and the Berlin disco bombings. American diplomats returned to Tripoli in February 2004 after a 24-year absence. In the summer of 2006, a week after the U.S. State Department rescinded Libya`s appointment for terrorism, Paula Dobriansky, Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, was on a plane to Tripoli, accompanied by a high-level delegation of U.S. scientific officials. Science was at the forefront of this diplomatic journey, which was to mark a “new phase in U.S.-Libyan relations” and demonstrate the U.S. commitment to bilateral cooperation in areas such as disease surveillance that would benefit Libyan society.5 Whether bilateral relations have recently changed or remain stable, signing an agreement – and media attention This is an opportunity to send a message to the people of another nation. An agreement is an opportunity to publicize a number of useful topics, such as current scientific achievements. B, initiatives to promote education or efforts to develop an innovation-based economy. This can be valuable in a stable bilateral relationship with a nation like Germany, which wants to attract the best American talent to its research institutes.
It can also foster engagement with developing countries, as the United States can reach out to communities around the world to achieve foreign policy objectives through well-designed public diplomacy campaigns focused on cooperation within S-T. With the commitment of S-T as a platform, media coverage can be used to combine the principles of science with good governance or to support the role of women in science and society. Since surveys have shown that American science and ingenuity are respected abroad, the promotion of joint activities is a good advertisement for bilateral relations and can improve the American image abroad.