Shortly before leaving for Helsinki, President Ford held a meeting with a group of Eastern European Americans and finally declared that U.S. policy toward the Baltic States would not change, but that it would be strengthened, as the agreement denies annexation of territory in violation of international law and allows for peaceful border change.  expresses their willingness to promote international agreements and other appropriate arrangements for the acceptance of certificates of compliance containing technical standards and regulations; – promoting direct agreements between universities and other higher education and research institutions through agreements between governments, if any; According to Cold War scholar John Lewis Gaddis, in his book The Cold War: A New History (2005), “Leonid Brezhnev had looked forward,” recalls Anatoly Dobrynin, about the “audience he was about to win… When The Soviet public learned of the definitive colonization of the post-war borders, for which it had sacrificed so much”… “[Instead, the Helsinki Accords] have gradually become a manifesto of the dissident and liberal movement” … This meant that people who lived under these systems – at least the bravest – could claim official permission to say what they thought.  – Contribute to the development of direct communication and cooperation between government institutions and relevant non-governmental organizations, including, where appropriate, communication and cooperation, on the basis of specific agreements and agreements; Publish articles in appropriate journals to promote key achievements and innovations among participating states and compare them to participating states; – conclude bilateral or multilateral agreements, where appropriate, providing for cooperation and exchanges between state institutions, non-state bodies and people working in the field of education and science, taking into account the need for flexibility and wider use of existing agreements and arrangements; However, the transition to détente in the early 1970s encouraged Western heads of state and government to reconsider the negotiations. Discussions began in 1972 with the Helsinki consultations and continued until the opening of the official Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) in July 1973. From the summer of 1973 to the summer of 1975, intensive negotiations took place in Geneva, until the participants finally met in Helsinki on 1 August 1975 to sign the Helsinki Final Act.
The Helsinki Final Agreement Is Signed